Implants are high-tech artificial tooth roots made of precious material such as titanium, etc., which are placed in the jawbone to restore the function and aesthetics of missing teeth.
Today, implants are leaders among the undisputed systems that provide the best alternative solution to natural teeth. Implant systems, which can optimally mimic teeth in terms of function, aesthetics and anatomy, are frequently used.
Implant systems have become indispensable elements for gaining aesthetics together with robustness in both single tooth deficiencies and multiple tooth losses. The greatest aesthetic advantages are manifested when small, easy-to-use prostheses such as bridges cannot be applied in the loss of the last teeth in the posterior region and the best alternative solution is presented for the use of removable prostheses containing larger palates.
Being obliged to use dentures is a nightmare for many of us. Concern that this large removable prostheses can become loose while talking, worrying about the non-aesthetic appearance of the connecting metal parts when smiling, the necessity to avoid negative experiences that may have been encountered during dinner invitations can cause loss of communication and self-confidence. Implant systems, which are of great importance in dental research in the 21st century, now give us the chance to get rid of removable dentures…
Titanium based implants
Almost all dental implants used today are titanium based. Titanium is present in nature as a reactive. Titanium does not cause inflammation or allergic reactions that the body normally develops against foreign substances because it easily adapts to the substance it is used with.
Titanium, the best known tissue-friendly material, is used in the structuring of all metal-based structures placed in the body in modern medicine.
Implant application areas
Anyone who fulfills some criteria and wants to replace dental deficiencies in his mouth can be implanted. One of these criteria is the condition of the missing tooth or bone in the tooth area. Adequate bone height must be available in this area for the implant to be firm and robust. Furthermore, the patient should have good oral care and should not have any gum problems and conditions that may adversely affect healing. There is no upper age limit for dental implant applications. The lower age limit is the completion of growth and development.
The most important criterion for implant applications is the availability of an adequate amount and quality of bone tissue in the planned area. In addition, some anatomical formations should not be positioned in a way that prevents implant placement. (Regenerative and reconstructive, advanced implantology techniques applied to make the site suitable for implant placement can be obtained from your dentist.)
Advantages of implantology
Dental implantology, the initial applications of which date back to 30 years ago, is a method that has been proven to be reliable with a 95% success rate when proper planning, perfect sterilization and surgical technique and perfect prosthetic application are combined.
The advantages can be listed as follows:
• Damage caused by the reduction of adjacent teeth in classical bridge prosthesis, is avoided in implant applications.
- Individuals condemned to a removable prosthesis get the chance to have a fixed prosthesis through implant applications.
- In maxillary total edentulism cases, healthy prosthesis applications which do not cause nausea and loss of taste because the palate is not fully covered, can be carried out because of the support of the total prosthesis (palate) with the implant.
- Excessively mobile prostheses of individuals with softened jaw bone that cannot function comfortably or even let the individuals speak can be stabilized by supporting it with the implant.
- Resorption (melting) of the jaw bones after tooth extraction, is prevented significantly after implant applications.
- With prostheses that function well and have more aesthetic results, individuals can eat whatever they want, smile, laugh freely, kiss, and perhaps live their neglected social life to the full with their new found self-confidence.
Disadvantages of implant applications
In dental implant applications, a period of 6-12 weeks is required between the start and end period. In cases where regenerative and reconstructive techniques are required, this period can be doubled. (Based on the findings of recent research, it has been understood that in some special cases, the prosthetic structure can be fitted on the same day following the implant placement. You can get more detailed information from your dentist about this concept called ‘immediate loading’.).
Dental implant applications are more expensive than conventional prosthesis applications. A significant portion of the fee paid for the purchase of the implant is spent on intensive studies all over the world. Implant brands that have not been well researched and have not questioned the perfection of the system are more affordable, but their reliability is not absolute.
Stages of implant application
The first step of the dental implant is to place the implant into the jawbone. The time required for osteointegration of the implant completely placed under the gum is 6-12 weeks. After the completion of this period, with a very small intervention, a 3-4 mm diameter incision is opened on the gingiva covering the implant and small metal supports are placed onto the implant to support the artificial teeth. Routine prosthesis procedures can be started by measuring for gingiva shaping after 1-2 weeks.
Implant operation-pain relationship
Dental implants are implanted using local anesthesia where the patient is not anesthetized, which lasts approximately 20 minutes per implant. For this purpose, the same amount of local anesthetic used for a simple filling to any tooth in the area is applied.
After the implant operation …
An implant operation has almost the same effect on tissues as a simple tooth extraction. It may be necessary to consume softer foods and liquid foods for several days to protect the implant from excess pressure. Your dentist will make the necessary warnings.
Root canal treatment is carried out under local anesthesia and there is no pain. The root part within the jaw bone is entered through a cavity made in the nerve layer (pulp) of the crown of the tooth that is visible in the mouth. Dental nerves are located in the root canals.